News & Notes: Research and Statements about Medicine and Gun Violence

E. Fleegler, MD, et.al., “Children Injured by Violence in the United States: Emergency Department Utilization, 2000 – 2008,” Academic Emergency Medicine, Vol. 19 (5) May, 2012, 535-540.

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E. Fleegler, MD, et.al., “Firearm Legislation and Firearm-Related Fatalities in the United States, JAMA Internal Medicine, Vol. 173, (9) May 13, 2013.

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Eric Fleegler, MD, et. al., “The modern paediatric injury pyramid: Injuries in Massachusetts Children and Adolescents,” Injury Prevention, 2010, Vol. 16 (2), 123-126

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Patrick Carter, M.D., et al., “Firearm Possession Among Adolescents Presenting to an Urban Emergency Department for Assault, Pediatrics, Vol. 132 (2), August, 2013

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Liza Gold, M.D., “Gun Violence, Psychiatry, Risk Assessment and Social Policy, ” an editorial and detailed presentation of the issue in, The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law,” Vol. 41 Vol. 3, 2013.  Comprehensive statement and references covering the clinical and policy issues facing the medical profession in this area.

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“When asked the extent to which there is a need for an educational program designed to increase the knowledge and skills of physicians in how to counsel patients in firearm injury prevention, 74% indicated ‘somewhat/to a great extent’”

From—Survey by American College of Physicians of 542 physicians on counseling patients about firearms.  Published in The Annals of Internal Medicine, April 10, 2014.

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G. Wintemute, M.D. & Mona Wright, Mp.H., “Firearm Prohibition for persons Convicted of Violent Crimes, ” American Journal of Preventive Medicine (elec.), 2014.

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A very important survey on physicians’ experience qualifying applicants in North Carolina for concealed-carry licenses. The survey was conducted by our friend Adam Goldstein, M.D. and colleagues at UNC-Chapel Hill and Duke.

Published in NEJM, June 19, 2014:

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Jarone Lee, M.D. and colleagues have recently published an important study on the cost medical costs of gun violence: “The Economic Costs of Firearm-related Injuries in the United States from 2006 to 2010,” in the online edition of Surgery.  The authors found that costs for treatment of gunshot wounds was significantly higher than the estimate published by the Urban Institute in 2013.

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Philip Cook & Kristin Goss, The Gun Debate: What Everyone Needs To Know. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.  Although trained as an economist, it would be fair to say that Philip Cook inaugurated the modern field of public health research on gun violence – and here is his latest.

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Jeffrey Swanson, PhD, et. al., “Mental Illness and Reduction of Gun Violence and Suicide, Bringing Epidemiologic Research to Policy, ” Annals of Epidemiology, April 29, 2014. Important contribution to the debate on mental illness and gun violence that followed the Santa Barbara shootings.

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Philip Cook, “The Great American Gun War: Notes From Forty Decades in the Trenches,” Chicago; University of Chicago press, 2013.  A review, including exhaustive bibliography, of the gun debate that has been the focus of the author’s outstanding career.

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Consortium for Risk-Based Firearm Policy, “Guns, Public Health and Mental Illness: An Evidence_based Approach for Federal Policy, ” December, 2013.

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Consortium for Risk-based Firearm Policy, “Guns, Public Health and Mental Illness: An Evidence-Based Approach for State Policy,” December,  2013

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Dan Kahan & Donald Braman, “More Statistics, Less Persuasion: A Cultural Theory of Gun-Risk Perceptions,” University of Pennsylvania Law Review , Vol. 151, 4 (April, 2003, 1291-1327.

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Dan Kahan, et. al., Motivated Numeracy and Enlightened Self-Government,” Yale Law School, Cultural Cognition Project, Working Paper, No. 116.

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G. Wintemute, M.D.,  ”Responding to the Crisis of Firearm Violence in the United States,” JAMA Internal Medicine, Vol. 173, 9 (May 13, 2013), 740-52.  A comment on Eric Fleegler’s paper archived above.

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J. Bjelopera, et. al.,  ”Public mass Shootings in the United States: Selected Implications for Federal Public Health and Safety Policy,” Congressional Research Service, March 18, 2013.

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G. Bovasso, “Assessing the Risk of Threats with Guns in the General Population,” Journal of Threat Assessment and Management, Vol 1, 1 (March, 2014), 27-39.

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P. Cook & J. Ludwig< “Fact-Free Gun Policy?” University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 151, No. 4 (April, 2003), 1329-1340. Response to Dan Kahan’s article listed above.

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M. Siegel, MD et. al., “The Relationship Between Gun Ownership and Firearm Homicide Rates in the United States, 1981-2010,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 103 (11), Nov., 2013, 2098-2105.

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D. Webster & J. Vernick, eds., “Updated Evidence and Policy on Reducing Gun Violence in America,” Center for Gun Policy and Research, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (2014).  Updates on major policy and research issues.

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S. Frattaroli, DW Webster, G. Wintemute, “Implementing a Public Health Approach To Gun Violence Prevention, The Importance of Physician Engagement,” Annals of Internal Medicine, May 7, 2013) Vol. 158 (9), 697-8.

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Katherine Vittes, Jon S. Vernick, Daniel W. Webster, “Legal Status and source of offenders’ firearms in states with the least stringent criteria for gun ownership,” Injury Prevention, 2013, No. 19, 26-31.

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Emma E. McGinty, Daniel W. Webster, Colleen Barry, ” Effects of News Media Messages About Mass Shootings on Attitudes Towards Persons With Serious Mental Illness and Public Support for Gun Control Policies,”  American Journal of Psychiatry, 170:5 (May, 2013), 494-501.

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Wintemute, G. J., Frattaroli, S.,  et. al., “Identifying Armed Respondents to Domestic Violence, Restraining Orders and Recovering Their Firearms: Process Evaluation of an Initiative in California, American Journal of Public Health (Feb., 2014), Vol. 104, No. 2, e113-118.

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Stephen Teret and Natalie Draisin, “Personalized Guns: Using Technology to Address Gun Violence,” Abell Report (August, 2014) Vol. 27, No. 2, pps. 1-8.

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Urban Institute, “State Variation in Hospital Use and Cost of Firearm Assault Injury,” (2014).

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Pinals, Gold, et. al., “Resource Document on Access to Firearms by People with Mental Disorders.” APA Official Actions, pp. 1-6.

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M. Ranney, et.al., “Violent Injury and Mortality Among Youth Seeking Emergency Department Care For Assault-Related Injury,” JAMA Pediatrics (Nov. 3, 2014) E1-E8.

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K. Ruggles & S. Rajan, “Gun Possession Among American Youth: A Discovery-Based Approach to Understand Gun Violence,” PLOS ONE, Vol. 9, Issue 11 (November, 2014.)

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Nancy Dodson & David Hemenway, “Teens and Gun Trafficking, A Call For Pediatric Advocacy,” JAMA Pediatrics, (Online December 8, 2014), E1-E2.

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G. Wintemute, “The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty first Century United States, ” Annual Review of Public Health, (Online, December 12, 2014), 8.1-8.15.

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Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, “Firearm Injuries: Epidemic Then, Endemic Now,” American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 97, No. 4 (April, 2007), 626-629.

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J. Metzl & K. MacLeish, “Mental Illness, Mass Shootings, and the Politics of American Firearms,” American Journal of Public Health, published online, (December 12, 2014), E1-E10.

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A. Goldstein, et.al., “Assessing Competency for Concealed Weapons Permits – The Physician’s Role,” NEJM, (Jun3 13, 2013), 2251-2253.
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Hamilton & Kposowa,”Firearms and Violent Death in the United States: Gun Ownership, Gun Control and Gun Mortality in 16 States, 2005-2009,” British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science,”   7 (2), XX-XX, 85-98.

————————————————————————————-Ali Rowhan-Rahbar, et. al., “Firearm-Related Hospitalization and Risk for Subsequent Violent Injury, Death or Crime Perpetration,” Annals of Internal Medicine,downloaded from www.annals.org, pp. 1-8, online free download.

————————————————————————————-Lester Adelson, “The gun and the sanctity of human life; or The bullet as pathogen,” Archives of Surgery, Vol. 127, (June, 1992), pp. 659-664.

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Jeffrey Swanson, et. al., “Guns, Impulsive Behavior and Mental Disorder” Behavioral Sciences and the Law (2015),

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Kimberly Mitchell, et. al., “Weapon Involvement in the Victimization of Children,” Pediatrics, Vol. 136, No. 1 (July, 2015) 1-8.

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M. Betz & G. Wintemute, “Physician Counseling on Firearm Safety,”

JAMA, Vol. 314, No. 5 (August 4, 2015), 449-450.

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G. Wintemute, “The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty-First Century United States, ” Annual Review of Public Health, (2015), 36:5-19.